Ringworm Zygomycota

By | July 31, 2016

Zygomycota Basidiomycota Ascomycota. 11 Phylum Chytridiomycota – 1000 species aquatic, flagellated fungi athlete’s foot, ringworm, corn smut, rusts. 23 •some are predatory – some can anesthetize and consume roundworms (our local oyster mushroom)

The Kingdom Fungi What is a Fungus? Fungi are eukaryotic heterotrophs Decomposers known as saprophytes Cell walls made up of chitin Some are parasites – Ex. Athlete’s Foot, Ringworm Some are symbionts – Ex. Lichen Fungi do not ingest food, they release enzymes and absorb nutrients

FUNGI REVIEW Zygomycota Basidiomycota Ascomycota Deuteromycota cup fungi yeast (unique) those that cause ringworm, Athlete’s Foot defining feature zygospore basidia / basidiospores ascus / ascospores ascus / ascospores no known sexual structures

Fungi Chapter 31 Phylum Zygomycota Rhizopus (black mold) Phylum Ascomycota Phylum Basidiomycota Phylum Deuteromycetes Imperfect Fungi Sexual stages are unknown or are asexual.

(fungi + algae) make soil from Many plants would not be successful without these fungal associations (members of Zygomycota and Basidiomycota) STRUCTURE. CELL CAN CAUSE DISEASE PLANTS: rust and smut ANIMALS: ringworm, athlete’s foot REPRODUCTION. ASEXUAL. BUDDING. in yeast

V zygomycota – bread molds athlete's foot, swimmer's ear, ringworm, fingernail and toenail infections, and yeast infections. The similarity of fungal and mammalian cells creates a number of problems for designing drugs that are

Kingdom Fungi The Basics Like a Zygote Fungi Phylum Zygomycota Example: Penicillium, those responsible for athlete’s foot & ringworm No known sexual stage Some used to make soy sauce and some blue cheeses Lichens A combo (2-part)

ringworm) FUNGI •OVERVIEW –Nonmotile organism than obtain food by decomposing organic matter –Once considered plants, but contain no FUNGI •ZYGOMYCOTA gets its name from the tough spores produced during sexual reproduction . FUNGI

Lab #4. Fungi. The Kingdom Fungi unicellular (yeasts) to ringworm, potato blight, wheat rust. Fungal Diversity. Chytrids Ascomycetes: sac fungus. Basidiomycetes: club fungus. Zygomycota. includes Rhizopusstolonifer– common bread mold. like all multicellular fungi – made up of

Kingdom Fungi 2 Characteristics of Fungi Heterotrophic saprobes There are four major groups of fungi Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Basidiomycota Ascomycota 10 Phylum Chytridiomycota ringworm, corn smut, rusts 22 •some are predatory

Plants & Civilization Lab #3: The Kingdom Fungi. Fungi: An Overview Athlete’s foot, Ringworm, Respiratory diseases, etc. Plant diseases caused by fungi: Potato blight, Wheat rust, Ergot. Divisions of FUNGI 1. Zygomycota 2. Ascomycota 3.

BIOSCI 221 . DOMAIN/EMPIRE EUCARYOTA . Super Group: Opisthokonta . First Septation. Telemorph Cycle : Sexual Spore. Anamorph Cycle : Asexual Spore. Representatives: ZYGOMYCOTA; Non-septate (coenocytic) Zygospore: Sporangiospore. Rhizopus (black bread (“ringworm”) DIKARYOMYCOTA

ZYGOMYCOTA. Produce zygospores. Coenocytic hyphae. Saprophytic molds. Rhizopus. ASCOMYCOTA. Produce ascospores. From 2 similar or dissimilar cells. Septate hyphae Caused by Dermatophytes, “ringworm

“fungi imperfecti” 10,000 species terrestrial includes aspergillus, penicillum, athlete’s foot, & ringworm lichens of zygomycota asexual reproduction: sporangia form at the tips of sporangio-phores.

Kingdom Fungi ¥ Eukaryotic ¥ Phylum Zygomycota • Nonseptate hyphae – no cell walls between nuclei •!Reproduce by zygospore + strain – strain. Sporangium spores Ringworm Figure 22.8. Black Mold • Stachobotryx • Sick building syndrome • flu-like symptoms

•Ringworm •Athlete's foot •Ergotism – witch hunts! Eating some club fungi can be fatal Fungal Infections. The Land Plants. Evolution of Land Plants Land plants evolved from a lineage of green algae (charophytes) after the ozone layer made

(fungi + algae) make soil from Many plants would not be successful without these fungal associations (members of Zygomycota and Basidiomycota) STRUCTURE. CELL CAN CAUSE DISEASE PLANTS: rust and smut ANIMALS: ringworm, athlete’s foot REPRODUCTION. ASEXUAL. BUDDING. in yeast

Fungi secrete digestive enzymes to decompose organic matter such as leaves, Some fungi such as ringworm as parasitic meaning they absorb nutrients from a living host. Zygomycota. Live on decaying plants or animals or food. (Ex:

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